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王洋是上海某社区垃圾分类监督员,下文是他对社区内外国留学生进行垃圾分类(garbage sorting)集中指导。根据下图内容,把他的解说词补充完整。每空限填一词。

                          Organizing your household garbage

Dear foreign friends, glad to meet you here. Today I'd like to introduce new garbage sorting rules to you. In Shanghai, we are supposed to 1. the garbage into four groups, namely recyclable, harmful, dry and wet waste.  Paper, plastic, glass, and fabrics is 2. waste while food leftovers, plants, expired food is wet waste. Batteries, light tubes and 3. should be considered to be harmful waste. All other non-recyclable solid waste is called dry waste. We all believe that garbage sorting is 4. for the protection of the environment. Right? If people fail to sort their garbage, they will be fined up to 200 yuan. If all of us take pains to sort garbage, we'll lead a better life. So, let’s start right now.

Give the foreign students a piece of advice about garbage sorting.



1.sort/divide 2.recyclable 3.medicine 4.important/good 5.One possible version: Remember ...

    I strongly believe that we can have an important effect on anyone we meet. The right words at just the right time could totally change someone's life. That's what happened to me years ago.

When I was a 3-year-old boy, my parents discovered I was totally deaf. After asking many doctors, educational specialists and parents of other deaf children, they decided to put me in a mainstream school. All of my classmates and teachers would have normal hearing.

From the time I started going there in the third grade, I was the only deaf child at Blue Creek Elementary School in the small town of Latham, New York. From almost the first day there, the other kids made fun of me and called me names mainly because of my hearing aid and the way I talked.

I worried throughout Elementary school because, except the problems of "fitting in" with the other students, I also struggled with most of my schoolwork.

Although I seemed outgoing, my self-esteem(自尊心)was quite low. I saw myself as an ugly kid wearing a weird-looking box around his neck who wasn't even smart enough to keep up with the other kids.

Mrs. Jordan, my fifth-grade teacher, changed all of that with a simple three-word phrase. Mrs. Jordan was a large woman with a voice that bounced(反弹)off the walls of her tiny classroom. One morning, she asked the class a question.

I read her lips(嘴唇)and immediately raised my hand. For once I knew the answer. But, when she called on me, I was afraid. I took a deep breath, stood up slowly and answered Mrs. Jordan's question in a low voice.

I will never forget what happened next.

Mrs. Jordan pointed directly at me. With shining eyes and a wide smile she cried: "That's right, Stephen!"

For the first time in my life, I was an instant star. My confidence soared like never before.

I decided right then and there that I would make a place for myself in this world. No matter how many difficulties I might meet in life, I knew I could overcome them. A simple three-word phrase delivered with incredible enthusiasm had totally changed my young life. "That's right, Stephen!"

1.A mainstream school educates children who________.

A.are blind, deaf, ugly or foolish B.have no physical disabilities

C.have loud voices and wide smiles D.are talented and knowledgeable

2.Which of the following is the correct order according to the story?

a. He made up his mind to change.

b. He was sent to a school in a small town.

c. He had a hard time in the first year.

d. Mrs. Jordan praised him with three words.

A.b-c-d-a B.b-c-a-d C.c-d-a-b D.c-b-d-a

3.When Mrs. Jordan asked the boy to answer the question, he felt ________.

A.proud B.nervous C.peaceful D.surprised

4.From the passage, we can learn that ________

A.life is full of ups and downs B.knowledge starts with practice

C.right words make a great difference D.chance favors only the prepared mind



On Feb 26, when an Italian lawmaker went into the country's Lower Chamber with a mask to prevent the novel coronavirus(新冠病毒), he was questioned and criticized by others as they thought that wearing masks would cause unnecessary fear and panic. The articles from Western media carry headlines such as “No, you do not need face masks to prevent novel coronavirus.” You might be surprised, as in China and other Asian countries, people have willingly put masks on during the outbreak.

In the West, people are taught to wear masks only when they get sick. They thought masks are seen as a tool to protect sick people and prevent the disease from spreading, so healthy people don't need to wear them. Therefore, during the novel coronavirus outbreak, overseas Chinese students said that they would be “looked at like a virus spreader” if they go out with a mask. According to a survey done by Global Times among some European and American people, wearing a mask in public can make them feel “worried” and “afraid of being looked at differently.”

But as the number of COVID-19 cases continues to grow in the world, things start to change. In the US, for example, the need for masks is very high now. The US surgeon general has been asking people not to buy too many masks, as they are more needed in hospitals than the public.

In Japan, wearing masks has long been seen as a manner to comfort others when one catches a cold or flu. Some Japanese also turn masks into fashion, with different colors and patterns to match their clothes. Wearing masks is also a way to “hide” for young women when they don't have their makeup on.

In more cultures in Asia, wearing masks might also be a symbol of solidarity(团结)during the outbreak, according to Lynteris. People wear masks “to show that they want to stick together” in the face of danger.

1.The underlined word “panic” in Paragraph 1 means ________.

A.death B.danger C.illness D.worries

2.Westerners refuse to wear masks because they ________.

A.are afraid to look ugly with face masks

B.don't think healthy people need masks

C.hope to comfort other people in this way

D.don't want others to know they are ill

3.The example of the US in Paragraph 3 is to show ________.

A.the cost of masks is high in the US

B.different people have different choices

C.western people are changing their attitude

D.wearing masks has become fashionable

4.The passage mainly tells us ________.

A.the ways COVID-19 is spreading

B.the reasons why Westerners hate masks

C.the symbol of solidarity in Asian countries

D.the cultural differences in mask wearing


Most of us spend all day at school or work. After a long and busy day, all we want to do is to return to a comfortable home. Smart technology can turn any home into a nicer place to live in.

Smart homes have been around for some time. Scottish company Pico Electronics invented a type of technology called X10 in 1975. It allows household devices(设备), such as lights and alarms, to communicate with each other by using radio waves, according to AVSytemsMag, a specialized magazine in the audiovisual and automation(视听及自动化)industry.

Of course, 5G network connectivity has made smart homes more convenient. Perhaps the most widespread smart home technology is the voice-activated assistant(语音激活助手)Google Home and Amazon's Alexa allow users to control nearly any device in their home simply by speaking a few words. This is especially convenient for people with physical disabilities, as they can finish tasks that would normally be too difficult, according to How-To Geek.

Common household appliances(家用电器)can become "smart" as well. For example, a smart trash bin can memorize all the things you've thrown away and offer you a shopping list online, while a smart fridge can create dinner recipes(菜谱)based on the vegetables that are being kept inside, according to HowStuffWorks.

But it's not just about convenience. Smart homes are also good for the environment. By regularly checking your energy use and automatically turning off lights and other devices that you're not using, smart homes can lower how much electricity you use overall. Using less energy means that we make less pollution, which is good for the environment.

Not everyone is excited about smart home. In fact,

1.X10 allows household devices to communicate by _________.

A.using radio waves B.speaking a few words

C.connecting 5G network D.inventing lights and alarms

2.What is Paragraph 3 mainly about?

A.Household devices designed for the disabled.

B.All types of smart household appliances.

C.Further development of smart home technology.

D.Difference between X10 and 5G network

3.How does smart home technology influence our life?

A.Smart trash bins help us find cheap but nice things online.

B.Smart fridges can create proper recipes and cook tasty food.

C.Smart homes will help us save energy and reduce pollution.

D.Smart homes make us stay at home instead of working out

4.The author may introduce the ________ of smart homes in the last paragraph.

A.use B.spread C.future D.disadvantages