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A parent’s hopes for 2030

When 2010 arrived, my son was only a year old—tiny._______the master of a few basic words, but still mostly the baby we'd _______into the world.

Now my baby has grown into an _______—tall, strong,stout, and smart, a(n) _______ of Akira Kurosawa samurai movies.

A _______from now, in 2030, he will be an adult. I expect the next 10 years to fly by, and be filled with _______. As 2020 begins. I am thinking about the kind of world my son will_______ and experience. I _______ for him, and for all the young people of his age. So I have several  _______for the world my son and his generation will live in

I hope we finally get__________about climate change. Polar ice is melting. The oceans are __________ . The question is __________whether we can stop climate changebut whether we ‘re willing and able to do anything to __________ it.

I’m not sure what a warming planet will__________ for my son's life. I suspect it means he  will live in a world where nations and groups __________  limited resources like clean water and food, which means that the danger of climate change won't come just from rising oceans, but from other humans competing for control over what’s __________

The world is always going to be full of __________about how to solve the challenges we face. I hopetoothat my son’s generation learns to __________justice—but to do so with big heart and humilityrecognizing our common humanity(人性)even with people who __________ us.

The world of 2030 won’t __________ itself. We are creating it now, so my final wish is that we build the kind of world we actually want our children to live in.

1.A.special B.generous C.intelligent D.dependent

2.A.welcomed B.raised C.grown D.congratulated

3.A.athlete B.adolescent C.artist D.engineer

4.A.director B.author C.lover D.reader

5.A.month B.century C.year D.decade

6.A.questions B.experience C.danger D.change

7.A.create B.notice C.face D.shake

8.A.worry B.sacrifice C.provide D.arrange

9.A.plans B.methods C.hopes D.choices

10.A.particular B.serious C.optimistic D.enthusiastic

11.A.drying B.rising C.growing D.cooling

12.A.for sure B.as usual C.no longer D.till now

13.A.slow B.record C.complete D.oppose

14.A.mean B.obtain C.share D.seek

15.A.pick up B.fight     over C.turn    down D.take part

16.A.finished B.continued C.started D.left

17.A.aims B.examples C.disagreements D.results

18.A.escape B.express C.seek D.affect

19.A.differ from B.agree with C.refer to D.call for

20.A.blame B.admire C.prove D.build


1.D 2.A 3.B 4.C 5.D 6.D 7.C 8.A 9.C 10.B 11.B 12.C 13.A 14.A 15.B 16.D 17.C 18.C 19.A 20.D 【解析】 这是一篇夹叙夹议文。讲述了作者对10年后儿子和儿子将来所处的世界的担忧和愿望。 1.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:当2010年到来的时候,我的儿子只有一岁,小小的,需要依靠,他掌握了一些基本的词,但仍是我们欢迎来到这个世界的婴儿。A. special特殊的;B. generous慷慨的;C. intelligent聪明的;D. dependent依靠的。由上文可知,儿子仅仅一岁,还很小,小孩子是需要依靠的。故选D。 2.考查动词词义辨析。句意:当2010年到来的时候,我的儿子只有一岁,小小的,需要依靠的,他掌握了一些基本的词,但仍是我们欢迎来到这个世界的婴儿。A. welcomed欢迎 ;B. raised提升,养育;C. grown成长;D. congratulated祝贺。根据常识可知,面对自己的孩子降临到这个世界,当然是欢迎的了。短语welcome into意为“欢迎进入”;B选项raise意为“抚养”,是及物动词,后边直接接宾语;C选项不符合语境;D选项固定搭配为congratulate on,意为“对某事表示祝贺”。故选A。 3.考查名词词义辨析。句意:现在,我的孩子已经长成一个青少年—高高的,强壮的,勇敢的;聪明的,一个黑泽明武士电影的爱好者。A. athlete运动员;B. adolescent青少年;C. artist艺术家;D. engineer工程师。根据下文“A ___5___from now, in 2030, he will be an adult.”,可知在2030年,他会成为一个成年人,联系上文2010年他刚刚一岁,可知他现在是青少年。故选B。 4.考查名词词义辨析。句意:现在,我的孩子已经长成一个青少年—高高的,强壮的,勇敢的;聪明的,一个黑泽明武士电影的爱好者。A. director导演;主任;B. author作家;C. lover爱好者;D. reader读者。根据下文“Akira Kurosawa samurai movies.(黑泽明武士电影)”,作者的儿子此时是个青少年,应该是武士电影的爱好者。故选C。 5.考查名词词义辨析。句意:从现在开始十年后,在2030年,他将会成为一个成年人。A. month月;B. century一世纪;百年;C. year年;D. decade十年。根据下文“I expect the next 10 years to fly by,”,可知作者期待着下一个十年过去,因此此处是10年。故选D。 6.考查名词词义辨析。句意:我期待着下一个十年飞逝,这期间是充满着变化的。A. questions问题;B. experience经验;C. danger危险;D. change变化。10年后儿子会长大成人,10年将会飞逝而过,而这其中是充满变化的。故选D。 7.考查动词词义辨析。句意:随着2020年的开始,我开始想我的儿子将会面对和经历的那种世界。A. create创造;B. notice注意;C. face面对;D. shake动摇。根据空格后的并列动词experience“经历”可知此处应为它的近义词,联系本句可知,作者在思考自己的儿子即将面对和经历的这个世界。故选C。 8.考查动词词义辨析。句意:我为他和所有和他同龄的年轻人担心。A. worry担忧;B. sacrifice牺牲;C. provide提供;D. arrange安排。根据下文作者对这个世界现存的问题提出的希望可知,在这里作者担心自己的儿子及所有他这个年龄的年轻人。故选A。 9.考查名词词义辨析。句意:对于我儿子和他这一代人生活的世界,我有几个愿望。A. plans计划;B. methods方法;C. hopes愿望;D. choices选择。根据下一段提示“I hope we finally get...”可知作者有一些愿望。故选C。 10.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:我希望我们最终能认真对待气候变化的问题。A. particular特别的;B. serious严肃的;C. optimistic乐观的;D. enthusiastic热情的。下文提到气候变化是一个严重的问题,此处表示作者希望能够认真对待。固定搭配be serious about意为“认真对待”,故选B。 11.考查动词词义辨析。句意:海平面在上升。A. drying变干;B. rising上升;C. growing成长;D. cooling变凉。由前文中“Polar ice is melting.”可知海平面应该是在上升,下文第五段中也提到了“rising oceans”,故选B。 12.考查介词短语辨析。句意:这个问题不再是我们是否能阻止气候变化,而是我们是否愿意、是否能够去做任何使它变慢的事。A. for sure无疑;B. as usual像往常一样;C. no longer不再;D. till now到现在为止。but连接前后为转折关系,后一句是肯定语气,那么前一句应该是否定语气。故选C。 13.考查动词词义辨析。句意:这个问题不再是我们是否能阻止气候变化,而是我们是否愿意、是否能够去任何使它变慢的事。A. slow变慢;B. record记录;C. complete完成;D. oppose反对。联系上文可知,it指代climate change,结合段意可知,我们不能阻止,但能减缓气候变化。故选A。 14.考查动词词义辨析。句意:我不确定一个温暖的星球将会对我儿子的一生意味着什么。A. mean表示···的意思;B. obtain获得;C. share分享;D. seek寻找。根据后句提示“I suspect it means he’ll live in a world...”可知作者不确定全球变暖对于儿子的生活意味着什么。mean属词汇复现。故选A。 15.考查动词短语辨析。句意:我怀疑它意味着,他生活在一个国家和团体争夺有限资源比如干净的水和食物的世界。A. pick up捡起;B. fight over争夺;C. turn down关小;D. take part参与。根据下文“but from other humans competing for control over ”可知,作者在猜想这意味着他将活在一个国家和团体争夺有限资源比如干净的水和食物的世界,应选fight over “为……争斗”。其他选项均不符合句意。故选B。 16.考查动词词义辨析。句意:这意味着气候变化的危险将不仅仅来自海平面上升,更来自人类为了控制所剩下的资源的竞争。A. finished完成;B. continued继续;C. started开始;D. left留下。结合文章,根据上文中提到的“limited resources”可知,气候变化的危害不仅仅来自海平面上升,更有人类为了掌控剩下的资源的竞争。故选D。 17.考查名词词义辨析。句意:关于如何解决我们面临的挑战,这个世界总是充满争论。A. aims目标;B. examples例子;C. disagreements分歧;D. results结果。根据“how to solve the challenges we face”可知此处应该是人类关于应对挑战的争论。故选C。 18.考查动词词义辨析。句意:我也希望我儿子这一代人学会寻找正义—但要怀着博大的心和谦卑去这样做,意识到我们共同的人性,即使是那些和我们不一样的人。A. escape 逃脱;B. express表达;C. seek寻找;D. affect影响。根据but to do so with big heart and humility,recognizing our common humanity(人性),可知此处应为寻求公正。故选C。 19.考查动词短语词义辨析。句意:我也希望我儿子这一代人学会寻找正义—但要怀着博大的心和谦卑去这样做,意识到我们共同的人性,即使与那些和我们不一样的人。A. differ from与···不同;B. agree with同意;C. refer to提及;D. call for需要。本句中的even意为“即使”,表前后转折,结合句意“要意识到共同的人性,即使是与我们不同的人。”可知,前为“common”,则后应该为“differ from”。故选A。 20.考查动词词义辨析。句意:2030年的世界不会自我建设。A. blame责备;B. admire赞赏;C. prove证明;D. build建造。根据下一句“We are creating it now”可知此处应为“create”的近义词。表示2030年的世界不会自己建造。故选D。

    Take time off school, because your body will fight off the cold virus better if it is well rested. However, if you have to go, avoid close contact with your classmates.1. Meanwhile, wash your hands as frequently as possible. Nomsedating(非镇静的)allergy medicine, which you can buy from a chemist, can ease the problems of a runny nose and watery eyes.

As soon as you feel a cold coming on, drink plenty of liquid. Water or juice is ideal but hot herbal teas with lemon will help thin sticky substance and remove it from the body. A warm gargle with salt water will make your throat more comfortable by reducing the swelling. 2.

3. Breathing in steam over a bowl of hot water helps a lot, too. For a violent cough, the latest research suggests that honey, either straight from a jar or mixed with a hot drink, works as well if not better than costly sprays.

A good diet is also essential for a quick recovery, so start the day with a healthy breakfast including vitamin C in the form of fresh fruit. 4. For dinner, easily digested solid food is recommended, such as rice porridge made with vegetables or eggs.

5. It not only makes you physically stronger, but enhances your emotional well-being. Just remember not to attempt anything that requires a lot of effort or strength. Finally, to recharge your body and regain your strength, you need a full eight hours' sleep.

A.Besides, a little light exercise is beneficial as well.

B.As we know, the virus can be spread easily from one person to another.

C.The name “cold" came into use in the 16th century due to cold weather.

D.The warm air generated by a hot shower or bath will help clear blocked noses.

E.Signs and symptoms may appear less than two days after exposure to the virus.

F.For lunch, chicken noodle soup is good since it helps block cells that cause coughing.

G.It also washes out bacteria and viruses so it can be used as a preventive measure as well.


    Every feature of the supermarket--from floor plan and shelf layout to lighting, music, and ladies offering free sausages on sticks ---is designed to bring us in , keep us there , and get us into spending money.

From my own experience , once I enter a supermarket, it' s often not easy for me to get out again. A common feature of supermarkets is the one-way entry door; to get back out, you have to walk through a good portion of the store----with its attractive displays of buyables---to find an exit. I am often subjected to this clever arrangement.

After the one-way front door, the first supermarket feature you encounter is the produce department. There’s a good reason for this: the sensory impact of all those good smells and beautiful colors makes us feel both cheerful and hungry. Similarly the store bakery is usually near the entrance with its delicious smell of fresh-baked bread, as is the flower shop, with its buckets of roses and banks of greenery. The message we get right off the bat is that the supermarket is a welcoming place, fresh, natural, fragrant, and healthy.

Plus, dairy departments are almost invariably located as far from the entrance as possible, ensuring that customersmost of whom will have to walk the length of the store, passing a wealth of tempting products, en route  (在途中)to the milk, cheese, and yogurt. Especially popular items are routinely located in the middle of aisles (过道),so that even the most single-minded buyer has a chance to be attracted by alternatives. Mid-aisle positioning is intended to sideline the so-called Boomerang Effect, in which some shoppers simply head for the item they need , then return the way they came.

So what to do about all this? Make a list and stick to it. Try not to shop so often and don't shop when you' re hungry. And when it comes to supermarket psychology, know what to look for. Forewarned is forearmed.

1.What might be unavoidable after the author enters a supermarket?

A.Having difficulty in finding the exit.

B.Getting out with many unintended purchases.

C.Feeling at a loss in front of so many alternatives.

D.Being annoyed by the ladies offering free sausages.

2.How does the author introduce the function of the produce department?

A.By quoting an expert. B.By drawing comparisons.

C.By making classifications. D.By following the order of space.

3.What does the underlined word"sideline"in Paragraph 4 mean?

A.Inspire. B.Estimate C.Prevent D.Expand

4.What is the best title for the text?

A.Surviving the tricky psychology of the supermarket

B.Reducing your must-buys during grocery shopping

C.Tips on buying cheaper products in supermarkets

D.Things to look for when shopping in supermarkets


    There is beauty in each moment of our lives, but often we're too distracted to notice it. Instead, we spend much of our time worrying about the future or regretting the past, and this habit can have negative consequences for our mental and physical health.

That's why many people today are turning to the practice of mindfulness(正念减压法). Simply put, mindfulness means focusing on the present moment. Let's say you're sitting in traffic after a long day's work. Rather than dwelling on(老是想着)an unpleasant incident that occurred earlier or worrying about your schedule for the next day, you might direct your attention to the sound of the rain drops battering the windshield or to a specific image before you. By directing your attention to the here and now, you automatically shift your focus away from self-image, success, and other stress-inducing concerns.

Such a shift in consciousness helps us form more meaningful connections with others and handle problems with greater ease. It also lets us appreciate life's many little pleasures. So, it's not surprising that mindfulness has been found to help in the treatment of depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and even physical problems related to stress, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and upset stomachs.

How do you practice mindfulness? While it's often associated with meditation, you don't actually need to be in a particular place or position to cultivate it. In fact, it can be incorporated(使并入)into almost any daily activity, including eating, walking, showering, or doing the dishes. Let's take this last activity as an illustration:

Begin by bringing your attention to your breath. Inhale(吸入)through your nose allowing the air to expand your belly, and exhale through your mouth. Notice the sensations as each breath goes in and out.

As you engage in the task of washing the dishes, direct your awareness to the scent of the soap, the sound of the running water, and the feel of the suds(肥皂泡沫)between your fingers. Simply be aware of these and any other immediate sensations without forming any judgments about them.

At times, this process may not be relaxing, especially when what you're doing is boring or unpleasant. Nevertheless, by practicing mindfulness, we can learn to accept whatever situations life brings us and, over time develop greater happiness.

1.Why is the example of “sitting in traffic” mentioned in Paragraph 2?

A.To appreciate beauty at the present moment.

B.To explain the meaning of mindfulness.

C.To describe the traffic accident in the street.

D.To attract the reader's attention to the traffic.

2.Which of the following is the benefit of mindfulness?

A.Finding out problems in study more easily.

B.Helping cure diseases like high blood pressure.

C.Allowing us to enjoy small pleasures in life.

D.Making friends with other people in the traffic.

3.From the passage, mindfulness can be practised by_____________.

A.finding a particular place to cultivate it

B.bringing our attention to our breath

C.burying ourselves in washing the dishes

D.putting it to use in our everyday life

4.What is the passage mainly about?

A.The reasons why people begin to practise mindfulness.

B.The differences between mindfulness and meditation.

C.The benefits of mindfulness and the way to practice it.

D.The ways we should keep healthy mentally and physically.


    One day, I was taking a nap in the red chair in my office when I woke up to the sound of a car crash. I sat up and looked, immediately, out my window. Across the street, in a parking lot, a car had just backed into a chain-link fence. The car must have been moving fast, because it was in bad shape: Its hood had popped up. The fence was damaged, bent out in exactly the shape of the car’s back end.

I watched the driver get out of the car. He was strong with a shaved head; he wore cargo shorts and a flannel (法兰绒) shirt unbuttoned to expose his chest hair. I disliked him immediately. After a few seconds of assessing the damage, he attempted to pull the ruined fence back into place, but it wouldn’t move. He tried to push the fallen piece of bumper back onto his car, but that only made the rest of his bumper fall off too.

I sat in my red chair, looking out my window, silently cheering. I think I laughed out loud. This was a ridiculous masterpiece. He climbed out from under the collapsed fence and limped back to the apartment building above the lot, rubbing his elbow. The man—that disgusting man—was going to leave all the chaos behind for someone else to clean up.

But the man appeared a few minutes later with some tools. He got to work immediately, removing one of the fence’s bent support bars and hammering it straight on the asphalt (沥青). For the next hour, I watched out my window as he doggedly(固执地) fixed the fence, even improved it. Now the fence would be extra secure, stronger than before, impossible to damage.

This strange man was actually a hero. I was the lazy one, with my kneejerk (应激反应) judgments, my superiority (优越感) from three stories up. My ugly assumptions, I realized, were all about myself. I would never have fixed that fence; I would have panicked and run away.

Years later, I still look out my window at that fence almost every day. It still looks brand new, It makes me wonder what else that man has improved, and how I can make myself more like him.

1.Why did the driver leave a bad first impression on the writer?

A.Because he badly damaged the fence.

B.Because he acted rudely and impolitely.

C.Because he escaped and left the mess to others.

D.Because he had a strange appearance and dressed casually.

2.The last two paragraphs tell us that ________.

A.if the writer were the driver, he thought he would do better

B.the writer gave a quick judgment from his previous experiences

C.the driver acted like a hero and had a great influence on the writer

D.the writer looks out his window often and expects to see the driver again

3.Which of the following words can best describe the driver?

A.Rude but honest. B.Lazy but strong-minded.

C.Impatient but generous. D.Ordinary-looking but responsible.

4.What can be the best title of the text?

A.Don’t Judge a Book by Its Cover

B.One’s Thinking Directs One’s Actions

C.Treat Other People As You Hope They Will Treat You

D.The Environment Depends on What You Think in You Mind


    Primary English Teachers Wanted—Sri Krish International School

Job Summary: You are required to teach students based on national curriculum guidelines within your specialist subject areas, including planning, preparing and delivering lessons. Encouraging students in joining in lessons and other school-related activities is especially a requirement.

Job Type: Full-time

Salary: $15,000—s20,000 a month

Experience: 2 years (Required)

Education: Bachelor’s (Required)

Maths Teacher Wanted—Thrive Info Tech

We are looking for mathematics or related majors. You are supposed to start working in September 2020.

Job Type: Full-time

Salary: $10,000—$15,000 a month

Experience: 1—2 years

Education: Bachelor’s (Required)

Robotics Teacher Wanted—Edjoy

We are looking for computer faculty (才能) and robotics faculty with good communication and computer programming knowledge. Weekend timing will be 9:30 am to 6:30 pm.

Job Type: Part Time

Salary: $1,000—$1,250 a day

Experience: 2 years

Education: Bachelor’s (Required)

Teachers Wanted—Victory Secondary School

Hi, we are looking for teachers for the academic year 2020-2021 for a reputed school at Saravanampatti.

Job Type: Full-time

Salary: Negotiable (可协商的)

Primary Teacher for English

Secondary Teachers for Social Studies

Language: English (Preferred)

1.Which school needs part-time teachers?

A.Edjoy. B.Thrive InfoRTech.

C.Victory Secondary School. D.Sri Krish International School.

2.What requirement is especially stressed by Sri Krish International School?

A.Having master’s degree. B.Making students take part in the lessons.

C.Being kind and humorous. D.Planning well before delivering lessons.

3.What is preferred to get the job at Victory Secondary School?

A.Being able to speak the local language. B.Knowing the local traditions.o

C.Having rich voluntary experiences. D.Speaking fluent English.