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    Every feature of the supermarket--from floor plan and shelf layout to lighting, music, and ladies offering free sausages on sticks ---is designed to bring us in , keep us there , and get us into spending money.

From my own experience , once I enter a supermarket, it' s often not easy for me to get out again. A common feature of supermarkets is the one-way entry door; to get back out, you have to walk through a good portion of the store----with its attractive displays of buyables---to find an exit. I am often subjected to this clever arrangement.

After the one-way front door, the first supermarket feature you encounter is the produce department. There’s a good reason for this: the sensory impact of all those good smells and beautiful colors makes us feel both cheerful and hungry. Similarly the store bakery is usually near the entrance with its delicious smell of fresh-baked bread, as is the flower shop, with its buckets of roses and banks of greenery. The message we get right off the bat is that the supermarket is a welcoming place, fresh, natural, fragrant, and healthy.

Plus, dairy departments are almost invariably located as far from the entrance as possible, ensuring that customersmost of whom will have to walk the length of the store, passing a wealth of tempting products, en route  (在途中)to the milk, cheese, and yogurt. Especially popular items are routinely located in the middle of aisles (过道),so that even the most single-minded buyer has a chance to be attracted by alternatives. Mid-aisle positioning is intended to sideline the so-called Boomerang Effect, in which some shoppers simply head for the item they need , then return the way they came.

So what to do about all this? Make a list and stick to it. Try not to shop so often and don't shop when you' re hungry. And when it comes to supermarket psychology, know what to look for. Forewarned is forearmed.

1.What might be unavoidable after the author enters a supermarket?

A.Having difficulty in finding the exit.

B.Getting out with many unintended purchases.

C.Feeling at a loss in front of so many alternatives.

D.Being annoyed by the ladies offering free sausages.

2.How does the author introduce the function of the produce department?

A.By quoting an expert. B.By drawing comparisons.

C.By making classifications. D.By following the order of space.

3.What does the underlined word"sideline"in Paragraph 4 mean?

A.Inspire. B.Estimate C.Prevent D.Expand

4.What is the best title for the text?

A.Surviving the tricky psychology of the supermarket

B.Reducing your must-buys during grocery shopping

C.Tips on buying cheaper products in supermarkets

D.Things to look for when shopping in supermarkets


1.B 2.B 3.C 4.A 【解析】 本文是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲述超市的布局都是精心安排的,其目的是迎合顾客的心理,让顾客多购物消费。作者要求消费者要购物前要做好应对,避免买不需要的商品。 1. 推理判断题。根据文章第一段“Every feature of the supermarket--from floor plan and shelf layout to lighting, music, and ladies offering free sausages on sticks ---is designed to bring us in , keep us there , and get us into spending money.(超市的每一个特色——从楼层布局、货架布局到灯光、音乐,还有提供免费香肠的女士们——都是为了吸引我们,让我们留在那里,让我们花钱。)”和第二段“I am often subjected to this clever arrangement.(我经常受到这种巧妙的安排的影响。)”可推断,作者进入超市后不可避免地买很多不需要的东西。故选B。 2. 推理判断题。根据文章第三段“Similarly the store bakery is usually near the entrance with its delicious smell of fresh-baked bread, as is the flower shop, with its buckets of roses and banks of greenery. (同样地,面包店通常就在门口,散发着新鲜出炉的面包的香味,花店也一样,有一桶桶的玫瑰和一片片的绿树。)”可知,作者通过面包店与花店进行比较。可推断,作者是通过比较介绍农产品区的功能的。故选B。 3. 词句猜测题。根据此词后半句“the so-called Boomerang Effect, in which some shoppers simply head for the item they need , then return the way they came.(回旋效应是指一些购物者直接购买他们需要的商品,然后再按原路返回。)”可知,中间通道是为了避开所谓的回旋效应。推测sideline为“避开、阻止”之意。故选C。 4. 主旨大意题。根据文章最后一段“And when it comes to supermarket psychology, know what to look for. Forewarned is forearmed.(说到超市心理,知道该找什么。俗话说“有备无患”。)”及全文内容可知,文章主要讲述超市的布局都是精心安排的,其目的是迎合顾客的心理,让顾客多购物消费。所以“Surviving the tricky psychology of the supermarket(从超市的复杂心理学中生存下来)”作为文章标题最为合适。故选 A。

    There is beauty in each moment of our lives, but often we're too distracted to notice it. Instead, we spend much of our time worrying about the future or regretting the past, and this habit can have negative consequences for our mental and physical health.

That's why many people today are turning to the practice of mindfulness(正念减压法). Simply put, mindfulness means focusing on the present moment. Let's say you're sitting in traffic after a long day's work. Rather than dwelling on(老是想着)an unpleasant incident that occurred earlier or worrying about your schedule for the next day, you might direct your attention to the sound of the rain drops battering the windshield or to a specific image before you. By directing your attention to the here and now, you automatically shift your focus away from self-image, success, and other stress-inducing concerns.

Such a shift in consciousness helps us form more meaningful connections with others and handle problems with greater ease. It also lets us appreciate life's many little pleasures. So, it's not surprising that mindfulness has been found to help in the treatment of depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and even physical problems related to stress, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and upset stomachs.

How do you practice mindfulness? While it's often associated with meditation, you don't actually need to be in a particular place or position to cultivate it. In fact, it can be incorporated(使并入)into almost any daily activity, including eating, walking, showering, or doing the dishes. Let's take this last activity as an illustration:

Begin by bringing your attention to your breath. Inhale(吸入)through your nose allowing the air to expand your belly, and exhale through your mouth. Notice the sensations as each breath goes in and out.

As you engage in the task of washing the dishes, direct your awareness to the scent of the soap, the sound of the running water, and the feel of the suds(肥皂泡沫)between your fingers. Simply be aware of these and any other immediate sensations without forming any judgments about them.

At times, this process may not be relaxing, especially when what you're doing is boring or unpleasant. Nevertheless, by practicing mindfulness, we can learn to accept whatever situations life brings us and, over time develop greater happiness.

1.Why is the example of “sitting in traffic” mentioned in Paragraph 2?

A.To appreciate beauty at the present moment.

B.To explain the meaning of mindfulness.

C.To describe the traffic accident in the street.

D.To attract the reader's attention to the traffic.

2.Which of the following is the benefit of mindfulness?

A.Finding out problems in study more easily.

B.Helping cure diseases like high blood pressure.

C.Allowing us to enjoy small pleasures in life.

D.Making friends with other people in the traffic.

3.From the passage, mindfulness can be practised by_____________.

A.finding a particular place to cultivate it

B.bringing our attention to our breath

C.burying ourselves in washing the dishes

D.putting it to use in our everyday life

4.What is the passage mainly about?

A.The reasons why people begin to practise mindfulness.

B.The differences between mindfulness and meditation.

C.The benefits of mindfulness and the way to practice it.

D.The ways we should keep healthy mentally and physically.


    One day, I was taking a nap in the red chair in my office when I woke up to the sound of a car crash. I sat up and looked, immediately, out my window. Across the street, in a parking lot, a car had just backed into a chain-link fence. The car must have been moving fast, because it was in bad shape: Its hood had popped up. The fence was damaged, bent out in exactly the shape of the car’s back end.

I watched the driver get out of the car. He was strong with a shaved head; he wore cargo shorts and a flannel (法兰绒) shirt unbuttoned to expose his chest hair. I disliked him immediately. After a few seconds of assessing the damage, he attempted to pull the ruined fence back into place, but it wouldn’t move. He tried to push the fallen piece of bumper back onto his car, but that only made the rest of his bumper fall off too.

I sat in my red chair, looking out my window, silently cheering. I think I laughed out loud. This was a ridiculous masterpiece. He climbed out from under the collapsed fence and limped back to the apartment building above the lot, rubbing his elbow. The man—that disgusting man—was going to leave all the chaos behind for someone else to clean up.

But the man appeared a few minutes later with some tools. He got to work immediately, removing one of the fence’s bent support bars and hammering it straight on the asphalt (沥青). For the next hour, I watched out my window as he doggedly(固执地) fixed the fence, even improved it. Now the fence would be extra secure, stronger than before, impossible to damage.

This strange man was actually a hero. I was the lazy one, with my kneejerk (应激反应) judgments, my superiority (优越感) from three stories up. My ugly assumptions, I realized, were all about myself. I would never have fixed that fence; I would have panicked and run away.

Years later, I still look out my window at that fence almost every day. It still looks brand new, It makes me wonder what else that man has improved, and how I can make myself more like him.

1.Why did the driver leave a bad first impression on the writer?

A.Because he badly damaged the fence.

B.Because he acted rudely and impolitely.

C.Because he escaped and left the mess to others.

D.Because he had a strange appearance and dressed casually.

2.The last two paragraphs tell us that ________.

A.if the writer were the driver, he thought he would do better

B.the writer gave a quick judgment from his previous experiences

C.the driver acted like a hero and had a great influence on the writer

D.the writer looks out his window often and expects to see the driver again

3.Which of the following words can best describe the driver?

A.Rude but honest. B.Lazy but strong-minded.

C.Impatient but generous. D.Ordinary-looking but responsible.

4.What can be the best title of the text?

A.Don’t Judge a Book by Its Cover

B.One’s Thinking Directs One’s Actions

C.Treat Other People As You Hope They Will Treat You

D.The Environment Depends on What You Think in You Mind


    Primary English Teachers Wanted—Sri Krish International School

Job Summary: You are required to teach students based on national curriculum guidelines within your specialist subject areas, including planning, preparing and delivering lessons. Encouraging students in joining in lessons and other school-related activities is especially a requirement.

Job Type: Full-time

Salary: $15,000—s20,000 a month

Experience: 2 years (Required)

Education: Bachelor’s (Required)

Maths Teacher Wanted—Thrive Info Tech

We are looking for mathematics or related majors. You are supposed to start working in September 2020.

Job Type: Full-time

Salary: $10,000—$15,000 a month

Experience: 1—2 years

Education: Bachelor’s (Required)

Robotics Teacher Wanted—Edjoy

We are looking for computer faculty (才能) and robotics faculty with good communication and computer programming knowledge. Weekend timing will be 9:30 am to 6:30 pm.

Job Type: Part Time

Salary: $1,000—$1,250 a day

Experience: 2 years

Education: Bachelor’s (Required)

Teachers Wanted—Victory Secondary School

Hi, we are looking for teachers for the academic year 2020-2021 for a reputed school at Saravanampatti.

Job Type: Full-time

Salary: Negotiable (可协商的)

Primary Teacher for English

Secondary Teachers for Social Studies

Language: English (Preferred)

1.Which school needs part-time teachers?

A.Edjoy. B.Thrive InfoRTech.

C.Victory Secondary School. D.Sri Krish International School.

2.What requirement is especially stressed by Sri Krish International School?

A.Having master’s degree. B.Making students take part in the lessons.

C.Being kind and humorous. D.Planning well before delivering lessons.

3.What is preferred to get the job at Victory Secondary School?

A.Being able to speak the local language. B.Knowing the local traditions.o

C.Having rich voluntary experiences. D.Speaking fluent English.



If you haven’t seen or heard anything about Road Rage (路怒) in the last few months, you’ve probably been avoiding the media. There have been countless stories about this new and scary phenomenon, considered a type of aggressive driving. You’ve most likely encountered aggressive driving or Road Rage recently if you drive.

Why is this phenomenon occurring more than ever now and why is it something that seemed almost nonexistent a few short years ago? Experts have certain theories and all are probably partially correct. One suggestion is overcrowding. In the last decade, the number of the cars on the roads has increased by more than 11 percent, and the number of miles driven has increased by 35 percent. However, the number of new road miles has only increased by 1 percent. That means more cars in the same amount of space; and the problem is even serious in urban areas. Also, people have less time and more things to do. With people working and trying to fit extra chores and activities into the day, street levels have never been higher. Stress creates anxiety, which leads to short tempers. These factors, when combined in certain situations, can cause Road Rage.

You may think you are the last person who would drive aggressively, but you might be surprised. For instance, have you ever yelled out loud at a slower driver, sounded the horn long and hard at another car, or sped up to keep another driver from passing? If you recognize yourself in any of these situations, watch out!

Whether you are getting angry at other drivers, or another driver is visibly upset with you, there are things you can do to avoid any major conflict. If you are easily influenced to Road Rage, the key is to discharge your emotion in a healthy way. If you are the target of another driver’s rage, do everything possible to get away from the other driver safely, including avoiding eye contact and getting out of their way.